OFFICIAL XIANGQI PIECE NAMES AND NOTATION

 

Asian Xiangqi Federation, by former Chairman of Study Commission Mr. C.W.Huang, established in 1980/82 the following notation system. The piece names were revised by AXF in 1995 and adopted by WXF in 1997.

 

Piece Names

 

 Chinese

English

Denoted by

King

K

Pawn

P

Elephant

E

Adviser

A

ChaRiot

R

Horse

H

Cannon

C

 

Movements

 

Chinese

English

Denoted by

Advance

+

退

Retreat

Traverse

.

 

Tandem Positions

 

Chinese

English

Denoted by

Front

+

Rear

-

 

The digit denoting the file position of the tandem pieces is replaced by + for front piece, and – for rear piece.

                        Example:          車前平三                   R+.3

                                                炮後退一                   C--1

 

Special Cases for Tandem Pawns

(I)     3 Pawns in a file

         (a)     the second digit of the front pawn denoted by +

         (b)     the second digit of the rear pawn denoted by -

         (c)     the mid-pawn is neither “front” nor “rear”. Therefore it can be denoted by normal notation.

                        Example:          3 tandem pawns at 3rd file to traverse to 4th file

                                    P+.4                             for front pawn

                                    P3.4                             for mid pawn

                                    P-.4                             for rear pawn

 

(II)    5 Pawns in a file

         (a)     for the foremost pawn, the first-digit is denoted by +

         (b)     for the rearmost pawn, the first-digit is denoted by -

         (c)     for the middle 3 pawns, they are denoted same as (I) above.

                        Example:          5 tandem pawns at 3rd file to traverse to 4th file

                                    ++.4                             for foremost pawn

                                    P+.4                             for second foremost pawn

                                    P3.4                             for mid pawn

                                    P-.4                             for second rearmost pawn

                                    --.4                              for rearmost pawn

 

(III)   4 Pawns in a file

         No pawn in the middle, and they can be denoted same as (II) but without the mid-pawn.

                        Example:          4 tandem pawns at 3rd file to traverse to 4th file

                                    ++.4                             for foremost pawn

                                    P+.4                             for second foremost pawn

                                    P-.4                             for second rearmost pawn

                                    --.4                              for rearmost pawn

 

(IV)   Tandem Pawns in 2 files

         The first digit denotes the file of the pawn to move.

Example:      3 tandem pawns at 3rd file and 2 at 7th file.

                                    3+.4                             for 3rd file front pawn to traverse to 4th file

                                    33.4                             for 3rd file mid-pawn to traverse to 4th file

                                    3-.4                              for 3rd file rear pawn to traverse to 4th file

                                    7+.6                             for 7th file front pawn to traverse to 6th file

                                    7-.6                              for 7th file rear pawn to traverse to 6th file